Eggplant planted indoors is often affected by peach aphid attacks. This petty prankster occupies not only leaves but also flowers and shoots. It sucks out juices from them and causes a strong weakening of the plant as a whole.
In advanced cases, this causes the final death of the young bush. During summer, up to 20 generations of this eggplant pest are replaced! On an open bed, aphids are often found in damp and warm summers.
From aphids on vegetable and flower crops, many folk remedies were invented, which are based on the insecticidal properties of some plants. But it is possible to destroy a malicious insect with the help of some other preventive and protective measures:
- To prevent the reproduction of aphids on eggplants, regularly remove weeds from the garden in the summer. And in autumn and early spring always keep the bed free from any plant debris.
- With a few pests, it makes sense to collect insects manually every few days.
- The use of beneficial insects such as aphids, aphidymysis, lysiflebus, gall midges, and, of course, ladybugs. To attract cows, grow dill, caraway seeds, fennel, and tansy near the eggplant beds.
- If you find a colony of aphids on each plant, you probably can’t do without biological or even chemical control agents. Then it is recommended to use the following drugs: Akarin (80 milliliters), Fitoverm (50 milliliters), Actara (2 grams), Actellik (40 milliliters), Pegasus (15 milliliters) or Fosbetsid (10 milliliters) The indicated amount of substance is added to 10 liters of water. As a rule, 2-3 treatments performed at intervals of 1.5-2 weeks are enough to completely expel the pest from the eggplant beds.
It is difficult to see thrips with the naked eye because the size of the malicious crumbs does not exceed 1.5 millimeters. Traces of their activity appear on the back of the sheet in the form of silver spots near the central vein. Female thrips invade leaf tissue and lay eggs there.
Of these, larvae appear in 15-30 days. They, like adult insects, draw nutrient juices from the plant, provoke a color change and deformation of the entire terrestrial part.
Thrips are also considered a carrier of viral diseases. It is very difficult to deal with them because in the protected ground they quickly develop immunity to insecticides.
The most effective protective measures against the pest include:
- Conscientious cleaning of weeds and other plant debris on which thrips like to spend the winter.
- Placing special blue glue traps in a greenhouse.
- Destruction of pests with the help of natural enemies: bedbugs of Orius and ticks of Ambileius.
- Processing plants with a solution of one of the following biological or chemical preparations. To do this, carefully mix in 10 liters of water: either 40 milliliters of Actellik and Sherpa, or 10 milliliters of Fosbezid, or 100 milliliters of Acarin, or 80 milliliters of Fitoverm.