The spider mite does not shun various vegetable and flower plants, but the pest has a particularly tender love for greenhouse eggplant. It is important to timely detect the first signs of tick damage because the effectiveness of the fight against it depends on the degree of neglect of the case.
The appearance of tiny bright puncture points on the upper side of the leaf plate is an early alarming “bell” that signals a possible spider mite attack.
When heating the air in the greenhouse to +26 … 30 degrees and uneven watering, the pest begins to multiply intensively and spreads to all greenhouse residents in just 2-3 weeks.
In winter, ticks sit out in the cracks of the greenhouse, between frames and under plant debris. And next spring, they again get out into the wild and begin mercilessly destroying the blue crop.
The main methods of combating this eggplant pest include:
- Thorough cleaning of the greenhouse from plant debris.
- Disinfection of the internal parts of the greenhouse with bleach – 150-200 grams per 10 liters of water.
- Regular treatment of plants with natural safe insecticides – decoctions of wormwood, yarrow, chamomile, tobacco dust, or the use of biological products like Fitoverm – from 60 to 80 milliliters per 8-10 liters of water.
- Release into the greenhouse of phytoseyulus, which is the natural enemy of the spider mite.
- With a high level of pest infection, only chemical spraying will help Actellic (40 milliliters), Confidor (1 milliliter), Keoron (15-20 milliliters), Fufanon (10 milliliters). The indicated quantities are diluted in an 8-10-liter bucket of water and the plantings from a fine spray are carefully processed.
A characteristic feature of the scoop is omnivorous so that it does not bypass the planting of eggplant.
A particularly great threat to culture is the winter scoop. Insatiable caterpillars gnaw the bases of the stems of the planted seedlings, which inevitably provokes its death.
In the daytime, creeping reptiles hide in the soil, and with the onset of darkness creep to the surface in search of food.
So that young eggplant plants do not fall prey to the insatiable appetite of the gluttonous winter caterpillar caterpillars, you should:
- Weed out regularly and loosen the soil between the rows where the shelter of the scoop is located.
- Bait butterflies on fermented molasses.
- Set against the scoop of pogroms and postings, natural enemies of this pest.
- For a massive invasion of caterpillars, use spraying with biological preparations (the dose is given per 10 liters of water): Fitoverm (40 milliliters), Akarin (40 milliliters). And only in the most serious cases, it is better to resort to the help of pesticides: Sparks (1 tablet), Inta-Vira (1 tablet), Kinmix (2.5 milliliters), Fufanon (10 milliliters), for the same volume of water of 8-10 liters.