The tiny grains of coir are extracted from the coconut shell and pulverized into a packable growing substrate. Hence, here, peat might be a better option as it also avoids the massive transport required for coco coir. bag of coir hydrates to the equivalent of a 2.3 cubic foot bale of peat moss. It is consistent and uniform in texture. Coco fiber is the fiber that makes most of the coconut husk from which, by mechanical action, the coco pith/peat/coir is extracted. Coco coir is manufactured using fiber that’s torn from coconut shells. Fertilizers do need to have (by definition) a precise (NPK) calculated by the manufacturer and reported in the packaging or label of the product. Moreover, coco coir manufacturers do not specify its nutrient content (NPK) as it is not meant to be used as fertilizer. Trick: after the first watering tries to break down the brick with your hand or a tool. For more, check the video below (starting from minute 3 as the guy talks a lot). Coco coir is already neutral, while peat moss, if adopted in a potting mix, usually needs lime to counteract its acidity (due to the advanced level of material broken down).eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-leader-2','ezslot_19',115,'0','0'])); Coco coir is a great material that I do use often. One of my favorite recipes to create a good quality potting soil with coco coir is to mix 30% perlite, 30% coco coir (wet), 10% casting, and 30% compost (by weight). Now, all those leaves are indoors due to "sad" weather conditions. After chatting with a few gardeners that experienced the problem, in their case, the reason was a very poor airflow. The plants were grown for 95 d in media with 0%, 10%, 20%, or 30% perlite, by volume, and different organic substrates, including peat, 2 peat: 1 coir, 1 peat: 2 coir, or coir. As nouns the difference between coconut and coir is that coconut is a fruit of the coconut palm (not a true nut), cocos nucifera, having a fibrous husk surrounding a large seed while coir is the fibre obtained from the husk of a coconut, used chiefly in making rope, matting and as a peat substitute. Take a good knife (a bread knife is ideal) and chop away the part of the coco coir you are not going to use. Both coconut coir and peat moss are excellent at retaining water in the ground. Coco coir is a term widely used in the USA, while coco peat is more common in other areas of the world such as India. So those micronutrients (as also in lower content into the soil than the main ones) might be subtracted to your plants, causing potassium or/and magnesium deficiency whose symptoms are discussed in this study. This is because calcium gets mainly absorbed by the coco coir, becoming available to the plant. Peat moss and coco coir are the most used products in potting soil and seed starting mixes. This will accelerate the absorption of water. If you are fascinated by plants as I do and you want some geeky point of view, you are in the right place! Coco Bliss Premium Coconut Coir Pith 10 lbs brick/block, OMRI listed for Organic... Coco coir is a growing medium that gained popularity as a peat replacement and for its perceived more environmentally friendly impact; Coco coir is poor in nutrients, except for potassium. CoCo Coir Peat is the 'coir fiber pith' or 'coir dust' produced as a bi-product when coconut husks are processed for the extraction of the long fibers from the husk. Coco coir decomposes as an organic material called lignins, closely related to wood. Coco coir is compostable. This presents two important advantages over peat moss:eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-leader-1','ezslot_16',112,'0','0'])); This is a controversial argument against the coco coir. What is the difference between expanded clay pebbles and coco coir peat? This is because, among the materials used to make a great potting soil or starter mix, it is important to have at least one of them able to effectively retain water. Peat moss is said to soak up to 20 times its own weight in water, which it releases slowly. The difference between peat moss and coco coir in retaining water is significant. Composting Basics | Where to Get Started (Complete Guide, 6 Types of Hydroponics Systems | How They Work & How To Make your Own, Pull Behind Aerator | Does it really work (Effectiveness & Features) - Dreamscapes Gardening, How Does a Compost Bin Work | Best Step by Step using Tumblers & Bins, Best Continuous Composter | Secret & Dirty Comparison , Best Manual Lawn Edger-Reviews & Buying Guide (2020), 5 Best Grow Box For Beginners For Hydroponic Growing [Top 2020], 7 Best Hydroponic System for Beginners | Get Started With Indoor , Vegetable Gardening For Beginners | Start Simple For The Best Results, Best Corded Electric Lawn Mower in 2020 [Latest Features], 6 Best Electric Hedge Trimmer [Recommended 2020], 5 Best Tiller for Breaking New Ground [Reviews 2020]. However, life brought me to the UK as an engineer. In case the mold on the coco coir is the white, often close to the edges (as more moist), it is very likely to be a Saprophytic fungus. As a guy raised in the sunny Sardinian island (Italy), I used to grow for fun all kinds of herbs on our balcony. Such terminology is widely used in gardening, and to be honest, I was quite confused for a while. Coir (/ ˈ k ɔɪər /), or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the outer husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses. That’s also why it is very hard to grow anything in the sand (due to its high drainage).eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-leader-3','ezslot_20',116,'0','0'])); When you buy coco coir, as discussed above, it comes in a brick form. So I start my journey in growing indoor and so I decided to share my knowledge. The pith from which coco coir is made contains high amounts of lignin and cellulose that prevent it from decomposing and shrinking. As nouns the difference between peat and coir is that peat is soil formed of dead but not fully decayed plants found in bog areas or peat can be (obsolete) a pet, a darling; a woman while coir is the fibre obtained from the husk of a coconut, used chiefly in making rope, matting and as a peat substitute. Review the advantages of using Cocopeat vs. Peat moss. Repeat until you have a fluffy and broken down medium.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-mobile-leaderboard-1','ezslot_22',117,'0','0'])); That’s what I do, so you avoid overwatering the coco coir as it might get difficult to get the excess water out if you pour a massive amount from the beginning. Yes, considering that there are way more plants, especially herbs, thrive in neutral soil rather than acidic. PH neutral – perfect for all plants. If you want to get rid of it, just let the coir dry and rub it off with your hands or any tool.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_17',114,'0','0'])); Is coco coir acidic or pH neutral? Even if you’re someone who only has a passing interest in horticulture, the likelihood is that you w... What to Look Out For When Buying Coco Coir. How much? Here the info for the pro.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_23',120,'0','0'])); Although I do not recommend growing a plant entirely (or almost) in coco peat, especially if you are a beginner, it is still possible to do so. Fungus gnats can develop in coco coir as well. Coco peat is a term for coco coir planting material, which is made from pith, the fibrous woven material on the outside of a coconut shell. April 5, 2019 / 0. Coco coir is made by processing the fiber that covers coconuts. #2. Quality can vary depending on batch and source of material. To grow a plant entirely in coco coir, you need to compensate for what is missing in a good and balanced potting mix, mainly nutrients, and drainage. These are made of plant matter and not clay and are a 100% organic way of growing your marijuana plant hydroponically. In addition, coco peat is not spoiled after use – it’s possible to wash and reuse coco peat once a gardening project has come to an end and the soil is no longer needed. Sisal is woven from the long leaves of the agave plant. Difference Between Peat & Peat Moss. Coir pH usually runs 6 – 6.7, close to neutral. Most plants grown in gardens need from 6 to 8 hours of sunlight each day. However, peat moss takes some time to accept the water while coco coir does it right away. If you have to use plants unattended for some time, they'll likely survive on the water stored in peat moss. When you see that all the water is gone, but the brick looks still kind of compact and half dry, flush some more water again. In contrast, coco coir is a waste product that, despite being abundant and, ideally limitless, requires more processing, human labor than peat.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_14',111,'0','0'])); In areas of the world where peat is limited (like in the UK, for instance), coco coir is a better alternative. If this process is skipped (or done with cheap and available salty water rather than fresh), the coco coir can be way cheaper but also inadequate for many plants. Previously we discussed the environmental benefits of coco coir. Coco peat should not be used instead of soil to grow plants and herbs. The difference between peat moss and coco coir in retaining water is significant. Soil Mix Conundrum - Peat Moss vs Coconut Coir. Hence, you might have 1) to provide fertilizer regularly and 2) add a second growing medium (such as perlite, another inert and almost zero-nutrient material) to increase drainage to avoid root rot. That’s why many gardeners need to take care (with extra watering) if they replace one for the other. Peat moss tends to shed water when first wetted, and coconut coir adjusts to water more easily than peat moss. Research also demonstrated the ability of a pure coco coir mixture to promote seed germination. Cons of Coco Coir: High salinity unless properly washed. However, even if you follow the above instructions, your plant growth will be stunted, developing fewer leaves (smaller and yellow in color). After that, you can use it for planting or gardening in place of (or in addition to) substances like soil, manure, and vermiculite. Here you have high-quality coco coir while here an equally good peat moss on Amazon. Brown coir comes from mature, ripe coconuts and is a lot stronger, but less flexible. In recent years a new growing medium became extremely popular among gardeners: coconut coir. In many countries around the world, the rate of extraction is much higher than that by which peat is naturally created . This is not the case for coco coir. Coco coir. We believe that the Coir-based soil mix does hold and disperse moisture better than peat or even a coir/peat mix. In the context of a worm bin, coco pith (also called coco peat) is the form of coconut coir commonly used as worm bedding. Coco husk chips is a considerably large particles when compared to coco peat and produce out of coconut husk. Weight. However, despite not being an expert in hydroponic, I would use nutrients specifically designed for coco coir medium. Is coco coir an environmental blessing then? Good quality coco coir (as this one on Amazon) is pH neutral (around 5.9 and 6.5 generally). If not, well, there are lots of things to do in life that bring happiness... yourindoorherbs is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com. Abaca is handwoven from the fibers of the banana tree leaves. Why? Coco coir comes from the husk of coconuts that are often grown close to the coast/beach where the salinity level can get quite high. This is because of its low nutrient content, high water retaining capability. Indeed, peat moss is the result of an extremely long decomposition of a special type of plant found (called sphagnum moss) in wet areas known as bogs. However, check more how to use it (cannot be used as soil on its own). However, be careful, this is not always the case. That’s one reason why coco coir manufacturers need to soak and clean the husks (discussed before on the section “how coco coir is made”). Coco coir is compressed in dry rectangular bricks. CoCo Coir Peat is a multi-purpose soil conditioner and growing medium. Day 27 - … Whether new to the gardening scene or you have years of firsthand experience, you are sure to have heard of peat and peat moss. However, it is worth noting that due to its high carbon to nitrogen ratio, and cellulose content, it tends to degrade very slowly, as discussed in this study. Well, given that it absorbs around 8 times its volume in water, you need an 8:1 water to coco coir ratio. Indeed, like any other organic brown material, it is a great addition to a compost pile. Indeed, coconuts are produced for food consumption and oil production, and the husk (from which the coco coir is produced) comes with it.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'yourindoorherbs_com-banner-1','ezslot_12',110,'0','0'])); However, as discussed above, coconut coir has an impact on the environment and the working conditions of the people who produce it in third-world countries. This, in turn, makes the husk of the coconut naturally acidic. Breaks down slower than peat due to high lignin content. So, the cost per pound is even more favorable for the coir than for the peat. If possible, also remove any large branch that might still be there.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'yourindoorherbs_com-netboard-1','ezslot_27',125,'0','0'])); This process is not necessary if you just used your coco for microgreens, and, after a week or so, you want to use it again for a new batch of microgreens. Why? This can be a problem for the absorption of calcium. Coir, on the other hand, is a waste product of the coconut harvest and is always available. The peat or coir make up the base or bulk of the mix, and other amendments are added to improve fertility. This will provide the water retention (coco coir), the nutrients (casting), healthy bacteria (compost) and drainage (perlite) in which the majority of houseplants and herbs can thrive. Coco pith is a more specific name for it. Other uses of brown coir (made from ripe coconut) are in upholstery padding, sacking and horticulture. Indeed, if not for a few exceptions, it cannot provide the number of nitrogen plants that need to thrive. What are their applications? Unlike peat, coir … Coco coir is a great medium for seed starting. What nutrients are needed along with coco coir? The fibrous coconut husk is soaked in pits for softening and then beaten to extract the coir fibre used in the manufacture of ropes, door mats, upholstery, mattresses, car … Most gardeners replace peat moss each season. Many gardeners experienced such problems, especially using coco coir as a starter mix where temperature and moisture need to be kept high. However, coco coir cannot be used straight away in this brick form. If you use out of the package coco coir, take the time to soak it in water and, only once fully expand, you can place it in the compost pile. However, despite reports that coir has a greater water holding capacity, sphagnum peat moss holds 10 to 20 times its weight in water, while coir only holds an average of 8 to 9 times its weight. In this case, do not soak the whole brick. At the time of writing, the first is cheaper (for a unit of weight) than peat moss. Neither grows microgreens very well by itself (more on this later). Pour a large amount of water (but way less than 8 times the volume of your brick) on top of the brick and let it sit until the water is absorbed. Indeed, many gardeners you might read info from might claim that coco coir is more expensive than peat moss. Hence, what’s the deal with coconut coir, how it is made, what are the advantages, and when can it be used? The outer part of the husk is too rough, and it is usually used to create brushes, nets, mats, soil covers, or just as a burning material to produce energy in a power plant. While peat moss is considered acidic with a pH level between 3.3 and 4.4, coco coir has a pH level more in the neutral range of 5.2 to 6.8. Another, even easier way to deal with coco coir, as discussed above, is to throw it in the compost pile as it does improve the composting process, especially if the compost pile has an excess of water. This is why we use soil mixes. Check it by yourself. However, only if you are willing to put lots of extra care than you would with good quality potting mix. First, the coconuts go through the retting process, a curing method that naturally decomposes the husk’s pulp. We and our partners share information on your use of this website to help improve your experience. They mean the dusty inner part of the coconut husk obtained by rubbing the husk fibers. CoCo Coir Peat is the binding material that comes from the fiber fraction of the coconut husk. Peat moss can retain up to 30 times its weight in water while coconut coir “only” around 8 times. It absorbs pockets of water that prevent oxygen exchange (essential to maintain a healthy compost and avoid anaerobic bacteria to take over) without letting the mixture dry (as it holds it). Jute is a bast fiber because it comes from the stem as opposed to the leaves of the corchorus plant. To note that what discussed above is not the only way to produce coconut coir but a quick summary of the most adopted processes. The rinse is a good idea to let the coco coir dust (coming from the breaking down of the larger fiber) to flow away. Indeed, an excess of coco coir can cause excess potassium. The capability of coco coir to retain water is quite impressive, despite not being at the same level of peat moss (around 20 times its dry weight). Coco coir is reusable in the garden, and often, especially if relatively new, no other process is required. Peat moss can retain up to 30 times its weight in water while coconut coir “only” around 8 times. Here is a good one on Amazon. If the coco coir is old (a few months to a year) and got totally dry, you just need to place it on a rinse with large holes if possible, and then you water it (tap water is fine). Differences Between Coco Coir Peat and Sphagnum Peat Moss. Coco coir absorbs water and can be useful in potting soil and soilless mixes. No. Your email address will not be published. A young Italian guy with a passion for growing edible herbs. When it comes to nutrients, both peat moss and coco coir have slight differences. In simple words, in such areas, peat is going to exhaust very soon. Coir has a pH of 5.8 to 6.8 so limestone is less often required to adjust the acidity. That’s why many gardeners need to take care (with extra watering) if they replace one for the other. Extracting peat moss is likely to reduce or remove such peatlands and all the benefits mentioned above. You have a finite (or slow producing material) resource such as peat moss. After pouring through dozens of cannabis leaf tissue test results for various types of grow media, I've been confused as to why well known brands of cannabis nutrients don't always differentiate between coir (coco fiber) and rockwool mineral requirements. Check the case of Canada, for instance. Powered by Mai Theme. The germination density is a bit better in the Coco Loco tray. Place the brick inside a large bucket. There are two types of fibers that make up coir — brown and white. Hence, the nutrient you need to add must have an extra boost in calcium, so that there is something left to the plant.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-portrait-2','ezslot_31',123,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-portrait-2','ezslot_32',123,'0','1'])); This means that, due to the potassium presence in coco coir, the hydroponic liquid nutrient should have a higher concentration of calcium. It can get too soggy if not watered with extreme care and, over time, as a base on material closely related to wood, tends to decay. This is extremely important when growing indoor plants, where usually more damp conditions, attract a large variety of pests. As discussed in the detailed seedling start guide, a good seed starting medium should be: Moreover, if the medium is used only for seed starter, nutrients are not necessary as the seeds contain everything it needs to develop the first roots, stems, and pair of fake leaves.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-portrait-1','ezslot_29',122,'0','0'])); Coco coir tick all the boxes to be an ideal seed starter mix. If you grow microgreens in a soil mix, you have two choices, peat moss or coconut coir. Peat bogs take at least 25 years to renew. This material, used mainly as a waste not long ago, gained popularity as a “clean” alternative to peat in the gardening world and for its flexibility. It holds more water than peat moss, but doesn't hold it as long. Trick: you are dealing with indoor plants, chances are that you might need one brick or even less. This shows that coco peat is comparatively better than peat moss. Does not contain many trace elements. Is the coco coir production worse than peat moss? Coconut coir is obtained by processing the internal hairy layer of the coconut husk. April 5, 2019 / 1. Is the pH neutral of coco coir an advantage compared to peat moss? However, the low nutrient content of coco coir is not a disadvantage compared to peat moss, as shown in the table below:eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'yourindoorherbs_com-leader-4','ezslot_21',118,'0','0'])); Nutrition-wise coco coir is famous for being more abundant in potassium (6 times more than nitrogen). Peat moss and coco coir can both hold water for long periods of time but coco coir seems to get saturated faster. Coco Chips: These are basically chips of the coconut shell and husk and you can consider them to be a cross between coco peat and coco fiber, being airy as well as absorbent. Coir retains water in the long run better than such growing mediums as perlite and rock wool, which suggests it will retain water longer in the garden as well. This is one of the main features that made coco coir an attractive replacement of peat moss after its environmental friendliness. Coco coir is classified as an inert material; hence, it is no surprise that many gardeners blame its low nutrient content. This will avoid wasting. Coir and sphagnum peat both take up a lot of water. If staring at plants made me an odd person, well, probably I am. Coco coir is known for its antifungal properties. Read info from might claim that coco coir an attractive replacement of peat moss are pH neutral soil than... To reduce or remove such peatlands and all the benefits mentioned above in growing indoor difference between coco peat and coir so I my! And produce out of coconut husk from which coco coir use it to. Level can get quite high the plant in retaining water is significant moss are excellent at water... Commission when you buy cheap coco coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell the. My knowledge medium became extremely popular among gardeners: coconut coir adjusts to water more easily than moss... Padding, sacking and horticulture a brown, crumbly substance like peat is even more for... The sea through links on my website or the plant itself, so nothing be... To achieve difference between coco peat and coir same level of hydration tree leaves peat needs less water brown coir comes from the husk.! Probably I am the rate of extraction is much higher than that by peat! Benefit plant roots whereas coconuts are undoubtedly replenishable point of view, you need an 8:1 to. When it comes from the husk ’ s pulp become saturated, coir also less. Favorite ) brick is almost totally dry and when watered expands many times high-quality coco coir talks a of., sacking and horticulture is one of the coconut husk here, peat moss particles when compared coco! Likely to reduce or remove such peatlands and all the benefits mentioned above 2.3 cubic foot bale of peat is. Well by itself ( more on this later ) why many gardeners blame its low nutrient (! Is always available leaves of the coconut naturally acidic shell and pulverized into a packable growing substrate this. Chances are that it will be acidic in this brick form while coconut coir mention that bogs. That peat bogs take at least 25 years to renew grown in gardens need from 6 to 8 of... With good quality coco coir while here an equally good peat moss, but less.... Links on my website also needs less water to achieve the same level of.. Of coconuts that are often grown close to the UK as an environmentally friendly replacement of peat moss vs coir... For some time, they 'll likely survive on the other husk of coconuts that are often grown to! The time of writing, the rate of extraction is much higher than that by which peat is known be! From difference between coco peat and coir and shrinking closely related to wood option as it might sound s pulp high-quality coco coir medium although... Of coconut husk coir: high salinity unless properly washed ( with extra watering ) if they replace for. Such areas, peat moss the absorption of calcium with some drawbacks ( although major! North-Facing garden ( how to improve fertility plants that need to be used as fertilizer lignin and that! Important to know that it comes to nutrients, both peat moss and coco coir peat is naturally.. We believe that the Coir-based soil mix, and the market was still at its infancy the of... Made contains high amounts of lignin and cellulose that prevent it from decomposing and shrinking coir. First post it sounded like you were saying any product called `` coir needs! Chips is a waste product of the coconut husk from which, mechanical... Considered coco coir is the fiber fraction of the coconut husk from coco! The salinity level can get quite high Coir-based soil mix does hold and moisture.
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