Last year some garden vermin attacked my carrot garden: half of the plants were completely destroyed, and the other half was so badly beaten by the pest that there was nothing to hope for their restoration. Having carefully examined the surface of the soil, I found several instances of these small interventions. It turned out that my carrot was so badly damaged by a nondescript earwig.
As a result, I had to shovel a lot of gardening literature to find out how to get rid of an earwig in the garden, and I would like to share the results of my research with you, dear readers.
An ordinary earwig is a small (from 10 to 14 millimeters) insect of dirty brown color.
Males of this pest die after autumn mating, and females go wintering in the upper layer of soil (to a depth of 2 to 8 centimeters). And most of all they like to hide in loose, properly drained soil. Not only an adult can survive winter, but also an earwig at the egg stage.
Female earwigs awaken in the middle of spring – in April or May and lay 50 to 100 eggs. After this, the females continue to take care of their offspring, protect and preserve the masonry. Daytime larvae are shallow in the soil, and at night they get out. Young larvae have a milky white color but gradually become greenish-olive.
It is they who eat the tender shoots of clover and other meadow herbs and also do not disdain seedlings of vegetable plants – cabbage, carrots, beets. With the advent of autumn, mature earwigs can also move to a flower bed. By this time, their numerous colonies accumulate in cracks in the soil, under the canopy of plants, near food supplies. Noise and bright light provoke them to hide under the leaves. In addition to the usual earwig, there is also a garden earwig. Unlike the first, its body is slightly larger and is painted in a tar-brown or reddish color.
The most simple measures to combat earwig in the garden include:
- Autumn digging. It allows you to quite effectively destroy the nests and masonry eggs of the pest.
- special dung traps. It is very easy to build them: dig holes in the side slightly from the plantings and fill them with rotted mullein with the addition of plant debris (chopped cabbage leaves, beets, etc.). Insects will be attracted by the warmth and plenty of food, and they will certainly settle in such shelters for the winter. Also do not forget to sprinkle traps in the soil and notice their places with a peg. In early spring (in March), the masonry is removed from the ground and either destroyed or carried away from the site.